Committee: The Office of High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCR)

Representative country: United States of America

Topic: Zero tolerance to discrimination towards people with disabilities

Discrimination against either physically or mentally disabled individuals should never be tolerated. In light of shielding fundamental human rights, everyone is born free and equal regardless of their gender, age, social class, ethnicity and sexual orientation. Any unfair treatments against the disabled must be addressed as nearly every child in developing countries could not attend primary school as a UN report stated. There are some 1 billion people in the world are disabled, constituting one-sixth of the entire population.

The United States of America has hence signed the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol in 2009 in order to support the idea of changing one’s attitudes and approaches to individuals with disabilities. However, the US deems it is not necessary to ratify the Convention as it may not be beneficial to the disabled US citizens.

The existing policies and laws in USA have strengthened prevention of potential disability problems, increased employment opportunities for the disabled, expanded educational opportunities for the disabled, and supported development as well as use of accessible technology for the disabled. The US has ratified the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act to provide financial assistance to the disabled for education, rehabilitation, independent living and processing disability applications. There are as much as $87 billion delivered for medical purposes.

Regarding the current policies to protect the basic rights of the disabled, the US proposes several amendment to ensure their voices are heard, their basic rights guaranteed. First, all States should provide equal opportunities for the disabled to accept higher education to avoid social exclusion. Second, all States should encourage national broadcasters to give the disabled a chance for public appearance in order for the public to understand the daily challenges of the disabled. Third, a funding with an aim of long-term support for the disabled should be established so as to ensure the disabled.